Linear inequalities in variable

The term inequality applies to any statement involving one of the symbols<,>,≤,≥. Similar to ordinary equations, inequality equations too have solutions

Rules for finding the solutions to inequality equations

  1. Add or subtract at the same expression or number to both sides of the inequality and preserve the inequality sign.
  2. Multiply or divide both sides of the inequality by the same positive number and preserve the inequality sign.
  3. Multiply or divide both sides of the inequality by the same negative number and reverse the inequality sign.
    The expression 3x – 1 > x + 1 is a linear inequality in one variable x. Thus, a linear inequality in x is an inequality in which the highest power of x is one (unity).

Solve the following linear inequality and represent them on a number line.
A number line is used to illustrate linear inequalities in one variable. A point x = a divides the number line into 2 parts, x < a and x > a


1. 4x + 8 < 3x + 16
Subtract 8 from both sides
4x + 8 – 8 < 3x – 8 + 16
4x < 3x + 8
Subtract 3x from both sides
4x – 3x < 3x + 8 – 3x
X < + 8

ii. 3 (x – 6) ≤ 9 (x – 1)
open the brackets
3x – 18 ≤ 9x – 9
Collect like terms
3x – 9x ≤ -9 + 18
-6x ≤ + 9
Divide through by -6 and change the sign.
(-6x)/(-6 ) ≥ (-9)/6
X ≥ (-3)/2
(x ≥ 23/7)
iii. 5 (x + 2) – 2(4x -1) > 6(2x -3)
iv. (5x-1)/3- (1-2x)/5 ≤8+x

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