Voice is a term that is used to explain whether the performer of an action comes before the action (verb) or whether it comes after the verb in a sentence. When the performer comes before the verb (action) we say the verb is in the active form e.g.
Dairokilled a snake. (Active voice)
However, when the two nouns in the sentence above are swapped, we say the sentence is in the passive form.
A snake was killed by Dairo (Passive voice)
Active Voice Passive Voice
Bola prepared dinner. Dinner was prepared by Bola.
Shade wrote a letter. A letter was written by Shade.
Daddy is building a house. A house is being built by Daddy.
Sola makes beads. Beads are made by Sola.
John will kick the ball. The ball will be kicked by John.
- There is an exchange of positions between the subject and the object
- The tense of both voices (active and passive) must be the same.
- There is an introduction of ‘by’ in the passive voice
- A form of the verb ‘BE’ is also introduced in the passive voice.
Change the following sentences to the passive form.
- Amaka sings a song.
- Bukola was cooking a nice meal.
- Emmanuel has posted the letter.
- The principal granted me the permission.
- They offered him a nice job.
Pg. 91 – 95 Lexis and structure, Olatunbosun
Pg. 238 Countdown English
- Vocabulary Development: Prefixes
A prefix is a group of letters or syllable which is attached to the front of a root word to form another word which usually changes its meaning.
The following are examples with their meaning.
Prefix Meaning New Words/Derivative
un- not unhappy, untrue
dis- not discomfort, dislike
non- not nonsense, non-smoker
mis- wrong mismanage, mislead
mal- bad malfunction, maltreat
super- exceeding supernatural, superman
out- exceed outdo, outlive
sub- below substandard,subhuman
hyper- beyond hypertension, hyperactive
anti- against anti-social, antiviral
Form words with these prefixes: pro-, inter-, trans-, pre-, over-, under-
Pg. 236 – 238 Lexis and structure,P.O.Olatunbosun
Writing: Article Writing
Definition, Features, Sample Question,Outline
An article is a type of writing that is meant to be published in a school magazines, a newspaper or a journal.
- It must have a heading
- It must have an introductory paragraph
- Its body should contain at least three well development paragraphs which should serve as the content of the writing. When added to the introductory and concluding paragraphs, the writing should not be less than five paragraphs. But it can be more
- It must contain a concluding paragraph
- Write your full name and your class, school, town or city as the situation may require.
Outline: Women in Politics
- Introduction: Men have dominated the political space for long
- The effects of men’s domination
- The need for women’s involvement (equality, less corruption, compassionate, talent use, example from other countries)
- Conclusion: challenge the audience
Write an essay on the outlined topic above
pg. 39 – 42, Countdown English
- Give three rules of changing an active voice to a passive one.
- Write out the types of prefixes we have and what they mean.
Choose the correct options
1. You will need to commit the formula ——memory (a) to (b) by (c) on (d) in
2. We came ____ rail (a) on (b) with (c) by (d) in
3. How did you arrive at ____ unholy hour?
(a) that a (b) such an (c) an such (d) the such
4. Jide was absent for __ of the meeting
(a) plenty (b) many (c) much (d) many of
5. Emily enjoys ___ soccer (a) to play (b) play (c) playing (d) to be playing
Test for Continuous Assessment, No B, pg 212 of Effective English