Physical and Health Education

What do we mean by Personal, school and community health

Definition of Health

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being of an individual and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmities. Health may be regarded as a balance of physical, mental and social aspect of life in a human being.

Aspects of Health

Health is generally classified under two aspects, namely, physical health and mental health.

(i) Physical health: This simply means a condition of overall well-being, that is, when the body is functioning as it was designed to function. Physical health is the freedom from diseases or abnormality and soundness of the body.

(ii) Mental Health: Mental health is a state of emotional and behavioural well being. It is all about how the individual thinks, feels and behaves. Having good mental health helps on lead a happy and healthy life.

Determinants of Health

There are four general determinants of health, namely:

  1. Heredity
  2. Environment
  3. Life style
  4. Health care services

Characteristics of a Healthy Person

The characteristics of a healthy person include the following:

  1. Ability to work without easily fatigued
  2. Ability to comprehend mental fatigue
  3. Resistance to infection

Characteristics of a Physically Fit Person

The characteristics of a physically fit person are:

  1. Freedom from diseases
  2. Norma system and body function
  3. Health of mind and emotion
  4. Freedom from correctable physical defect

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