Article Writing

An Article is written specifically for publication in news paper or a magazine. This implies that you must write with the reader in mind. The purpose of writing article  are as follows:

(i)         To educate or inform

(ii)        To prove a case or argue a point.

(iii)       To entertain or Amuse

(iv)       To provide guidelines for doing something.

(v)        To give instruction on how to find a route.


(a)        An article is not a letter. Therefore do not write it as a letter when the question      says ‘write an article for publication in a newspaper’

(b)        Use the first paragraph to establish the setting or situation under which you           are writing as well as to define your purpose.

(c)        Use the succeeding paragraph to discuss your point of view.

(d)        Use the closing paragraph to summarize, round off and conclude.

(e)        Always remember to write your name in full on the right hand corner of the            line following the article.

In addition, use a polite language, be precise, use your word purposefully, punctuate accurately, do not use slang, Above all do not make your write up to bore your reader.


“’’’Figure of speech” refers to the speech or expression which carry the picture of something to the people. There are many figures of speech in English Language but I would like to treat only the commonest ones.

  1. SIMILE: This is a direct comparison between two essentially unlike things. Simile are introduced by ‘like’ and ‘as’. Example: as gentle as a dove.

He fought like a lion.

She ate like a wolf because she was hungry.

An cunning as a fax. Etc.

  1. METEPHOR: It is a simile reduced or compressed into a shorter form. Example:

*           He is the pillar of strength for his family.

*           She is a Gorilla.

  1. PERSONFICATION: It refers to a figure of speech I which abstraction or in animal object are endowed with human qualities. Example

*           Night spread her night wing on me.

*           Hunger is shivering on the road.

  1. Hyperbole: It is gross or deliberate exaggeration. Example

*           I saw a man who is taller than an Iroko tree

*           I drank five bucket of water yesterday.

  1. ONOMATOPEA: It is used when the situation or expression can be understood from the sound heard or produced. The noise which many    animals make is called onomatopoeia. Examples

The charter of a monkey

The bark  of a dog.

The perr of a cat.

The roar of a lion

The sound made by object are called onomatopoeia. E.g.

The clapping of water

The booming of gun

The banging of door

The jingle of coins etc.

  1. EUPHEMISM: This is the opposite of hyperbole. When the truth is disagreeable (unpleasant) euphemism Endeavour to make it pleasing. E.g.

(i)         She has kicked the bucket (meaning dead)

(ii)        He is at eat (meaning he is dead)

(iii)       She has put to bed (she has just born a new baby)




The use of recommended text as suppose



Auxiliary verb are helping verbs. They help other both affirmative and negative sentence, meaning they are not use alone in sentences. They are also to ask question.

  1. Primary Auxiliaries: They are used with other verbs to show tense and number in sentence. They include: be, am, is, was, were, being, been, has, have, having, had, do, does, doing, did, and done.
  2. Modal Auxiliaries: They are used with other verbs to change their meaning. They express ideas such as possibility, intention, or permission e.g can, shall, should, will, would, may, might, must, ought to, dare, need, used to and had better.

In ordinary sentence, shall gives with I, and we to indicate the future tense e.g I shall eat the food

We shall travel tomorrow.

Will: goes with: he, she, you, they, it, Example

–           We will come here today

–           She will write the letter

–           You will buy the book

–           They will go to Abuja

–           It will fly away.

Lexical (or main) verb can stand alone as the verb elements in sentence. For example:

The young women danced till dawn

Bola did his homework yesterday.

I would have done away if I know how

(Auxiiliary)  (Lexical)


The English consonant are (24) twenty four. A consonant is a speech sound which is produced with obstruction of airstream. The obstruction could be “partial” or “table”. For instance, when consonant like /p/ is produced, the flow of air is obstructed by the lips. The obstruction here is called a total obstruction because the flow of air is completely obstructed for a while. But when consonant like /f/ is produced, the flow of air is partially obstructed by the lower lip and the upper teeth.

The important thing about the production of a consonant, therefore, is that is always a degree of obstruction of the air is one of the three important factor used in classifying the English consonants.

Classification of Consonant. These are:

(i)         Place of Articulation

(ii)        State of Glottis

(iii)       Manner of Articulation

The following are the twenty four consonant sound.

P, b, t, d, k, g, f, v,    ,    , s, z, s,     ,      ,      ,       ,r, w, j, m, n, J.

Most consonant can occur at the beginning, middle and end of words but a few of these consonant are restricted to certain positions.

/p/ as in pan, Happy, Nap

/b/ as in Bud, Rubber, Rub

/t/ as in Tea, Heater, Seat.

/d/ as in dip, ridder, hide

/k/ as in come, marking, pack

/g/ as in get, target, rag

/f/ as in fork, suffer, cough

/v/ as in van, river, live

/   / as in think, anthem, both

/    / as in this, father, breathe

/    /as in sip, racing, place

/ z/ as in Zink, razor, has

/    / as in shop, lashes, fish

/    / as in genre, vision,garage

/h/  as in hat, behave

/tj/ as in cheap, ricer, teach

/dz/ as in joy, rejoice, page

/l/ as in lock, follow, sell

/r/ as in rag, borrow

/w/ as in win, rewind

/j/ as in yes

/m/ as in man, remain, him,

/n/ as in net, runner, rain

/    / as in singer, hang

(and more)

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