Physical and Health Education

Contact games – taekwondo

Contact games are sports that emphasize or require physical contact between players. Examples are martial arts, rugby and football which requires tackling.

Basic Techniques in Taekwondo

(i) Rising kick to head with leg fully extended

(ii) Heel kick (kakato geri)

(iii) Back kick(Uchiro geri)

(iv) Round house knee kick (Mawashi hiza geri)

(v) Front kick (mae geri)

(vi) Law front kick (kingeri)

(vii) Knee kick (hiza geri)

(viii) Side kick (Yoko kiage)

Origin of Taekwondo

Taekwondo is a Korean National sport. Taekwondo is founded by Koreans in the 20th Century.

Taek means to kick or to destroy with foot; kwon means to punch with the fist and do means way or art. It was exposed to Japanese between 1910 and 1945.

History of Taekwondo in Nigeria

Taekwondo was introduced into Nigeria by the Ivorian Master Aikpa Aime in 1975 and was embraced by many people, two associations later evolved in Nigeria – the NNTA and the UNTA.

In 1983 the federal government requested the Korean government to send two Korean experts Mr. Moo Cheun Kim and Mr. Jhoo Rae Pak (both of the WTF) to instruct the Nigeria Army. In 1986, Taekwondo Association of Nigeria (TAN) was formed.

Importance of Taekwondo

(i) It develops an appreciation for taekwondo as a sports and an art.

(ii) It achieves physical fitness through positive participation.

(iii) It improves mental discipline and emotional equanimity.

(iv) It helps to learn self defence skills.

(v) It develops a sense of responsibility for one self and others.

Rules and Regulations of Taekwondo

(i) A player should not fight on the street.

(ii) A beginner should always use what he was taught during the practice and combat.

(iii) Player should feel better before going into fighting.

(iv) He must follow or obey referee instructions.

(v) He must not abuse the referee.

(vi) He must not complain during the fight.

(vii) He should always look in the eyes of the opponent before and during the combat and especially when greeting at the beginning of the combat.
(viii) A player must knot his belt very well.

Officials in Taekwondo

THE REFEREE: He has the final say. He starts and stops the game. He penalizes and awards points.

THE JUDGES: They assist the referee in the match.

THE RECORDER: They keep the records of the events.


  1. Define contact and non-contact games.
  2. List five (5) basic techniques in taekwondo.
  3. Briefly trace the origin of taekwondo in Nigeria.
  4. State five (5) importance of taekwondo.
  5. Highlight five (5) rules and regulations of taekwondo.
  6. List three officials in taekwondo and their functions

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