OBJECTIVES: By the end of this lesson the students will be able to:
- Explain the meaning of paper folding techniques
- Identify the materials, and tools to be used
- List the method of paper folding technique and making model
- Mention the use of model.
MEANING OF PAPER FOLDING TECHNIQUES
Paper folding techniques mean shaping or building prototype of different geometric or basic shapes and sizes to form cuboids, pyramids, abstract, sculptural figures etc.
MATERIALS AND TOOLS
The basic materials for paper folding techniques includes: a. chipboard b. cardboard, c. strawboard, d. embossed card, e. drawing sheet, f. brown paper and g. adhesive (glue or gum). Other materials include: pencil and instruments for cutting (razor blade, cutter, scissors) others are ruler, compass or measuring tape.
PROCESS OF PAPER FOLDING
The type of model to be constructed determines the method and materials to be used. This is because the method for constructing a building model (prototype) is different from the one for constructing pyramid or cuboid.
FOLDING A CUBOID
A cuboid is a solid object which has six rectangular sides that stand at right angle to one another. This can be got by assembling two cubes side by side. ( a cube is a solid with six equal sides and all its angle are at right angle)
Step 1: Sketch the object you desire on a piece of cardboard as shown below. Make sure all the six squares are equal. (it will be good to create flaps on the sides of section 1 of the squares to help for easy pasting of the adhesive)
Step 2: cut out the drawing
Step 3: fold the cardboard along the dotted line to form a square shape
Step 4; open the square cardboard to form a cube
Step 5: now use adhesive (glue, gum) to join the wings together. (You can easily apply the adhesive on the flaps)
Step 6: produce as many cuboids as possible like six or eight and gum them together in a creative manner as you desire.
- Explain paper folding techniques.
- List five materials for paper folding work.
- Describe the process of folding a cube.
FOLDING A PYRAMID
A pyramid is a large building with a square or triangular base and slopping sides that meet in a point at the top. It could be simply described as the assemblage of 3 or 4 equilateral triangles to form a solid object.
Step 1: on a piece of cardboard, mark out a four inch equilateral triangle and cut it out ( in order to create flap on which the other sides will rest, you will need to proceed to step 2 & 3 before cutting)
Step 2: locate the midpoint of each side with the aid of a ruler to be accurate.
Step 3: with the aid of pencil and ruler join the midpoints together.
Step 4: fold the cardboard along the inner triangle and apply adhesive on the edge of the pyramid to have a perfect point at the top.
USES OF PAPER FOLDING TECHNIQUES
- It develops the students’ accuracy.
- It develops sense of harmony in the student.
- It helps in the basic training of anything construction.
- It is used for structural composition
- It is used for the production of learning materials such as three-dimensional objects/design.
- It develops a sense of creativity in students
- Avoid the use of razor blades, use scissors or cutter
- Measure accurately to prevent waste of materials
- Mention five uses of paper folding techniques
- What are the safety measures in paper folding techniques
Create a composition of different forms that are stuck together using the paper folding technique.