The money market is a financial market made up of institutions which provide short-term finance for investments. They bring short term borrowers and lenders together.
The market consists of institutions or individuals who either have money to lend or wish to borrow on a short term basis. They provide loans to borrowers for periods from a few months to two years.
INSTRUMENT USED IN THE MONEY MARKET
- Treasury Bills: Treasury bill is normally issued by the central bank of a country which assists the government to borrow money from the money market on short term basis.
These are instrument, which the federal government of Nigeria uses to borrow money for-short term period of 3 months. The maturity date of treasury bills is 91days.
- Bill of Exchange: Bill of exchange refers to a promisory note which shows the acknowledgement of indebtedness by a debtor to his creditor and his intention to pay the debt on demand or at an agreed time in future normally ninety (90) days.
- Call money funds: The call money fund or market is a special arrangement in which the participating institutions invest surplus money for their immediate requirement on an overnight basis with the interest and withdrawal on demand. The call money has an advantage of early return and at the same time is withdrawable on demand.
INSTITUTIONS INVOLVED IN THE MONEY MARKET
- Central Bank
- Commercial Banks
- Merchant banks or acceptance houses
- Discount houses
- Finance companies
- Hire – purchase companies
FUNCTIONS OF THE MONEY MARKET
- Provision of short–term capital to investors in both the private and public sectors
- Provision of short – term investment opportunities from which income may be earned
- Mobilisation of saving for investment
- Provision of investment, technical and managerial advice
- Provision of opportunity for the public to participate in the management of the economy.