Civic Education Notes

Common crimes in the society

Crime can be defined as an offense committed by a person for breaking the rules or laws to which legitimate punishment or sanctions are attached. A crime is a violation of rules or laws by individuals or group of individuals e.g. Falsehood, Theft, Murder, Rape, Fraud, Embezzlement etc.



Falsehood: A statement or assertion known to be untrue and intended to deceive people. It is a willful act or declaration that is contrary to the truth. Falsehood is an untrue statement or the act of lying.

Theft: is an act of stealing. It is the taking of another person’s property without that person’s permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it. It is a criminal act in which property belonging to is taken without another person’s consent.


These are the reasons for falsehood and theft

  1. Poverty
  2. Unemployment
  3. Family neglect
  4. Influence of bad group
  5. Bad value system
  6. Inequality between the rich and the poor is also responsible for the increase in crime rule in the country.
  7. Poverty: Poverty is the state of being poor. When people lack basic needs such as food, clothing, water, shelter etc
  8. Unemployment: This is another cause of crime in the society. The level of unemployment is so high that young graduates are attracted to crime because of joblessness.
  9. Family Neglect: Crime also occurs because of lack of good parenting. Some parents abandoned their children; some do not give proper supervision to their children. This may lead them to joining bad group that may introduce them to crime.
  10. Influence of bad of group: May cause criminal behavior among the young people.
  11. Bad Value System: Corruption now pervades all sectors of the society. This is also responsible for criminal behaviors among individuals in the society.
  12. Inequality between the rich and the poor is also responsible for the increase in crime rate in the country: Ostentatious show of wealth, that social event should be reduced.


i         Define crime

ii         List some common crimes in the society

iii         Explain the term ‘’falsehood  and theft


Simplified Basic Social Studies for Basic 7


1.All these are crimes   except—–A]Falsehood B] Murder C]Honesty D]Embezzlement

2.A   statement  known to  be   untrue    and   intended  to    deceive  people  is  —– A]Falsehood  B]Rape  C]Murder  D]Poverty

3. These  are  the  causes  of  crimes    in  the  society  except———-A]Discipline  B]PovertyC] Unemployment  D] Bad  value  system

4. Crime  can  be  defined  as  ————A] An  offence  committed    by  a  person  for  breaking  the  rules  B]Developing  the  country      C]Natural  talent       D] Ability  to  tell  the  truth

5. The   taking    of another person’s propertywithout permissionis —- A]Theft  B] Disobey     C] Falsehood       D]obedience


1. Explain the    following    crimes:

a. Falsehood and theft

b. Murder

2. Mention     and   explain    five  reasons  for  falsehood   and  Theft.

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