A verb is a word that tells or asserts something about a person or thing. Verbs comes from the Latin, verbum, a word. It is so called because it is the most important word in a sentence.
Functions of verbs
A verb may tell us:
1. What a person or thing does; as, Anthony laughs.
The clock strikes.
2. What is done to a person or thing; Harry is scolded.
The window is broken.
3. What a person or thing is; as The cat is dead.
I feel sorry.
Glass is brittle
A verb is a word used to tell or assert something about some person or thing.
A verb often consists of more than one word as,
The girls were singing.
I have learnt my lesson
The watch has been found.
These are helping verbs. They can not stand on their own. They help to form the tenses of verbs e.g
I have written it
She has done it
They are going
They were going
She is dancing
These express ideas such as possibility, probability, ability, certainty, willingness, obligation, permission, necessity, request, compulsion etc.
I can carry the load (ability)
We may see tomorrow (probability)
I must do the assignment (certainty)
They will come (possibility)
You must do your assignment now (compulsion)
You can go there. (permission)
Say the function of each of the underlined verb in each of the sentences below.
Harry is tall
Olawale was singing
I can swim
You may go home
English Grammar for Junior Secondary Schools. Page 47 to 50