English JSSCE Notes

Prose and it’s elements

Types of prose


A prose is a long narrative with a wide range of characters, events and experiences, written in a straight forward language.


Elements of fiction and elements of story in general can be used by the reader to increase their enjoyment and understanding of different literary pieces. Once students are aware that all stories have elements of character, setting, plot, theme, point of view, style, and tone; they can be encouraged to ask themselves to identify the characteristics of each for a particular story. The more familiar they become with the different kinds of elements the better they will understand and critically analyze stories.

1. Character: Character is the mental, emotional, and social qualities to distinguish one entity from another (people, animals, spirits, automatons, pieces of furniture, and otheranimated objects).Character development is the change that a character undergoes from the beginningof a story to the end. Young children can note this.The importance of a character to the story determines how fully the character is developed. Characters can beprimary,secondary, minor,or main.

2. Plot: Plot is the order in which things move and happen in a story.Chronological order is when a story relates events in the order in which they happened.Flashbackis when the story moves back in time.


Explain the meaning of each of the following.

1. Characterization

2. Plot

3. Setting

4. Language

Reading Assignment

Essential Literature-in-English for SSS pages 12 – 14

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