English JSSCE Notes

Literature: Types and Functions



Definition of Literature

Literature is any printed and unprinted materials that instructs, informs, entertains and educates people. Literature is a subject that mirrors people, their customs and traditions for others to see and learn from. In other words, Literature is the caricature of human society and all the activities embedded in it, that is, there is a kind of reciprocal relations between literature and life.

Functions of  Literature.

1. Literature helps a lot in the development of language.

2. Literature creates awareness of one’s society and that of others.

3. It teaches moral lessons.

4. It corrects wrong doings

5. Literature recognizes achievements and achievers.

6. It assists a lot in the process of projecting the customs and tradition of the people.

7. It also entertains, educates and instructs readers.

Types of Literature

Oral Literature : Oral literature is a term generally applied to spoken literary traditions such as folk tales, musical theater, proverbs, riddles, life histories, plays, proverbs, epic poems and historical recitations. Unlike written literary genres, oral literature is conveyed or passed down to future generations by word of mouth, typically through memorization and recitation. It is considered a verbal art form.

 Dance: the movement of the body in a rhythmic way, usually to music and within a given space, for the purpose of expressing an idea or emotion, releasing energy, or simply taking delight inthe movement itself.


List all the functions of literature

What is literature?

Reading Assignment

Literature (Definition, purpose)


Essential literature pages 1, 3, and 4

General Evaluation

1.  Mention and explain the types of nouns and explain

2. With reference to the related text, explain the types of literature.

Weekend Assignment

Underline the nouns in the following sentences and state their kind.

1. The book was lying on the table.

2. Love begets love.

3. We cannot live without water.

4. The jury has given its verdict.

5. The Hindus regard Krishna asan incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

6. Alcohol is injurious to health.

7. Smoking is a bad habit.

8. Wild animals live in forests.

9. The childhood of Peter was full of misery.

10. All the girls were singing.

11. Gold is a precious metal.

12. Rice is the staple food of South Indians.

13. The earth moves round the sun.

14. Mankind should love nature.

15. We get wool from sheep.


English Grammar for JSS 1 pages 91 and 92

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