History Notes

Meaning of History

The word history is from a Greek word historia, which means to inquire into or knowledge acquired by investigation.

History can also mean an enquiry or research into past events .according to Merriam webster “ History is a branch of knowledge that records and explain the past.The father of history is called HERODOTUS


History makers are experts that provide resources, academic materials used in getting past events ,analyzing them for the purpose of improving the society, Among them are :

  • Historians: Historians are scholars or researchers who write,study and analyze past records and events,they look into the causes and effects of past events.
  • Archaeologist: These are experts that study the remains of ancient civilizations.Archeologists dig for artifacts ,artifacts are objects made by people in the olden days ,it could be farming tools ,pottery ,weaponry,jewelry,etc, They reflect the cukture,occupation of people that lived in the past
  • Anthropologist: These are people who specialize in giving background on the cultural history of people of ancient times,they also study artifacts and fossil to dictate the type of culture and lifestyle of people that lived in the past
  • Cryptographers: These are experts that specialized in explaining tge meaning of ancient writings
  • Palcontologists: Paleontologists are experts that give data of fossils of plants and animals encountered by ancient people,they study prehistoric times
  • Oral historian: These are people that collect memories and peoples commentaries of great importance using interviews,tapes,CD,videos,and so on

The following are some of the areas history focuses on:

History of a people: In Nigeria we have history of the yorubas yorubas,igbos,hausa,ibibios ,fulanis,etc

History of a nation

History of individuals

History of institutions

History of national symbols and monuments


Home work

(1)state four differences between history and story telling

(2)state two reasons for studying history

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