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Agricultural Science JSSCE Notes

Distribution of Farm Animals and Factors Affecting the Distribution of Farm Animals in Nigeria

Content: (1) The Distribution of Farm Animals

                  (2) Factors Affecting the Distribution of Farm Animals.

Sub-Topic 1: Distribution of farm animals in Nigeria.

Many Farm animals commonly reared by farmers are found in different parts of the nation, due to some factors that favoured their growth and development.

            Below shows the major farm animals and the state where they are majorly found.

CattleKano , sokoto ,Kaduna
 Goats/sheepNorthern states and some other parts of the nation e.g oyo, ondo, Ekiti
 PoultryMost of the major cities in the nation
        FishStates with large water bodies
        PigsMost southern states e.g Edo, Delta, Rivers and other places where the weather is conducive
        RabbitsCities where poultry are successfully reared.

Sub-Topic 2: Factors Affecting the Distribution of Farm Animals in Nigeria

The most important factors affecting the distribution of farm animals in Nigeria include

(1)Culture of the people

(2) Climate

(3) Availability of natural pasture

(4) Religion of the people

(5) Incidence of pests and diseases.

Culture of the People: Animal rearing is a common occupation of families in the northern part of Nigeria. Most of the cattle, sheep and goats are from the north. That means that the northern Nigeria farmers have a culture of animal rearing.

Climate: Climate is the average weather condition of a place over a long period of time. Climatic factors such as rainfall, temperature, light, wind and relative humidity determines the type and number of farm animals in a particular place. For instance in the north, where rainfall and relative humidity is low, cattle, goats and sheep are better reared than any other part. Much rainfall in the south increases the spread of pests and diseases and consequently affects animal production.

Religion of the people: Religion is also an important factor in the distribution of farm animals. For instance, goats and rams are more abundant in the northern and western parts of Nigeria where most of the Muslim live. They use these animals for festivals. Muslim religion forbids the eating of pigs. So, pigs are not common in the north where the Muslims are in large population.

Availability of natural pasture: Natural pasture are grasses used to feed cattle, goats and sheep. These grasses are more in the north and as such favored the rearing of those animals.

Incidence of pests and diseases: Tsetse fly which a carrier of the parasite, trypanosome which cause the disease known as trypanosomisisss is prevalent in the south. much rainfall and big trees in the south contribute to the increase of tsetse fly.

Evaluation (a) Why are cattle commonly found in the north?

(b) Name 4 weather elements that are responsible for the distribution of farm animals in Nigeria

(c) Why are aquatic animals reared mostly in the southern part of Nigeria?

(d) Mention one state where the following animals are mostly reared (i) goats (ii)fish (iii) bull (iv)fowl

REFERENCE TEXT:

1.    G. M. Nwabuisi et al (2008). Comprehensive Agricultural Science for

       JS 1:  Literamed Publications Nig. Ltd, Lagos.

2.    Anthony Youdeowei (2008),  Junior Secondary Agriculture for Nigerian

       Schools West African Book Publishers Ltd. Lagos, Nigeria.

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT:

Objectives:

1.   Which of these farm is not majorly reared in the northern states?

  (a) fowl (b) pigs (c) goats (d) sheep

2.   Which of these farm animals is affected mostly by tsetse fly bite? (a) goats (b) sheep (c) pigs (d) cattle

3.   One of the following animals can be reared in many cities of the nation, Nigeria. (a) poultry (b) goats (c) cow (d) pigs

4.   Trypanosomiasis is a disease that is among the cattle reared in the ———- (a) East (b) West (c) South (d) North.

5.   Availability of grasses favours the rearing of ———-

  (a) pigs (b) cattle (c) fish (d) rabbits.

Theory:

1.   Name 5 farm animals and write their major producing states.

2.   Give 4 reasons why some farm animals are found majorly in the south and while others are found majorly in the North.

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